Manuscripts Copied in Touton
The Coptic town of Touton (ancient Tebtunis) was situated in the southern part of the Fayyum oasis. During the 9th and 10th centuries, the town had a Christian scriptorium, in which numerous Sahidic manuscripts were produced. Some of them were donated to the nearby monastery of the Archangel Michael at Phantoou (el-Hamuli), situated further north in the Fayyum. Many other manuscripts from Touton were discovered at the White Monastery near Sohag, suggesting that close ties existed between these two Egyptian monastic settlements during the Middle Ages. Vestiges of nearly 80 codices copied in the scriptorium of Touton, and later donated to the White Monastery, have been identified.
The manuscripts from Touton bear some distinctive features. These include a "budded" paragraph mark on the left margin of the first column as well as the use of dots as supralinear strokes. Furthermore, while the Touton manuscripts are written in Sahidic, Fayyumic dialectal features are often detectable in them.
Bilingualism in Egypt
Works of Shenoute of Atripe