About this Exhibit
The original exhibit was researched and edited by members of the Library MLK Day Committee: Kati Bauer, Trey Boynton (University Housing), Shevon Desai, Melissa Hepburn, Tom Hubbard, Karen Jania (Bentley Historical Library), Darlene Nichols, Glenda Radine, Charles Ransom, Lorraine Robert (School of Information). Research assistance provided by Tara Bell, Lisa Hardman, Molly Mahony (Tanner Philosophy Library), Molly Malcolm, Madeleine Sheldon, and Kelsey Valente.
Historical images courtesy Bentley Historical Library. Photo of Elsie Roxborough courtesy Burton Historical Collection, Detroit Public Library.
Beck, Jim, U-M Office of the Vice President for Communications. On the Original Native Land Gift that Made U-M. Retrieved from http://www.umich.edu/~aium/land.html
Shaw, Wilfred B. The University of Michigan, an Encyclopedic Survey. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1941
Ann Arbor Historical Notes, Population, and Enrollment
Stohr, Greg. Black Enrollment Falls as Michigan Rejects Affirmative Action. September 24, 2013. Retrieved from http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2013-09-24/black-enrollment-falls-as-michigan-rejects-affirmative-action.html
University of Michigan Minority Enrollment At All-Time High. New Pittsburgh Courier, November 28, 1992
University of Michigan. Office of Academic Multicultural Initiatives. Michigan Diversity Report. Retrieved from http://www.oami.umich.edu/images/MSS%20DIVERSITY%20REPORT.pdf
A Puzzling Problem
Ann Arbor District Library. AACHM Oral History: Lydia Belle Morton. Retrieved from
A Concrete Reason for the Race Prejudice at Ann Arbor. Detroit Free Press, September 17, 1912
Michigan Gets German Professor as Lecturer. The Jewish Criterion. February 16, 1934
The President's Report to the Board of Regents for the Academic Year. Financial Statement for the Fiscal Year. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan, 1930
Race Co-Eds Oppose Separate Quarters at Michigan Univ. The Pittsburgh Courier. September 21, 1929
U of M Colored Students’ Benevolent Club. Detroit Free Press, February 3, 1902
University of Michigan. Board of Regents. Proceedings of the Board of Regents. 1932
University of Michigan Insults Two Races. The Chicago Defender, March 10, 1934
Diversity in Student Life
A.K.A. Chapter Now at University of Michigan. Baltimore Afro-American, June 17, 1933
Alumni Catalogue: Catalogue of Graduates, Non-Graduates, Officers, and Members of the Faculties, 1837-1921. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan, 1923
Bartlett, Nancy R. and Kathleen A. Koehler. A Book of Days: 150 Years of Student Life at Michigan. Ann Arbor: Alumni Association of the University of Michigan, 1987
Barton, Emily. Birth of the Black Action Movement. The Michigan Daily. December 1, 2006
Behee, John. Hail to the Victors! Ann Arbor: Distributed by Ulrich’s Books, 1974
Bentley Historical Library. The History of Diversity at the University of Michigan. Retrieved from http://bentley.umich.edu/research/um/diversity.php.
Bentley Historical Library. The University of Michigan and China: 1845-2006. Retrieved from http://bentley.umich.edu/research/publications/china/main.php
Calkins, Laura. Samuel Codes Watson. Michigan History, January-February, 2002
Cintri, Dylan. Order and chaos: Exploring the controversy surrounding a not-so-secret society. The Michigan Daily, September 8, 2013.
Duderstadt, James J. The Michigan Mandate: A Strategic Linking of Academic Excellence and Social Diversity. Retrieved from http://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/handle/2027.42/58612
Felber, Garrett and Austin McCoy. Viewpoint: Student protests and affirmative action. The Michigan Daily, October 15, 2013
Greene, Deborah. CAAS at 30. Michigan Today, Fall 2000
Students Stage Sit-in at U of M against Racism. Afro-American, March 28, 1987
Tobin, James. When Doors Were Chained on State Street. LSA Today, February 18, 2013
University of Michigan Bars Basketball Player; Cite Unwritten Color Line. The Chicago Defender, January 13, 1943
University of Michigan. Class Cuts. The Harvard Crimson, April 11, 1987
University of Michigan Tells Negro Girl She Can’t Reside in Dormitory. Atlanta Daily World, August 30, 1934
Virtual Racism at the University of Michigan in the Winter of 1987 [February, 2004. Slightly revised November, 2006]. Retrieved from http://m3peeps.org/vr87.htm
Bentley Historical Library. "A Cosmopolitan Tradition": Barbour Scholarships. Retrieved from http://bentley.umich.edu/exhibits/cosmo/barbour.php
Hauke, Kathleen A. The Passing of Elsie Roxborough. Michigan Quarterly Review, Vol. 23, No. 2
Japanese Students at the University of Michigan. Detroit Free Press, September 2, 1900
Marshall is Winner: Colored Boy Captures Highest Debating Honor. Detroit News, December 11, 1906
Norris, Clarence W. Up from Poverty. [San Antonio, Texas], 1987
Rufus, W. Carl. Twenty-Five Years of the Barbour Scholarships, Reprinted from Michigan Alumnus Quarterly Review, December 19, 1942
Young Negro Student Wins $300.00 Award: Takes 1st Prize in National Contest. Pittsburgh Courier, December 23, 1939.
Kamins, Heather. Goss to be named athletic Director. The Michigan Daily, April 16, 2001
Our Stories: Climbing the Mountain Together. Retrieved from http://hr.umich.edu/staffstories/climbing-the-mountain-together/
Diversity in Faculty
Bentley Historical Library. African Americans in Michigan. Retrieved from http://bentley.umich.edu/research/guides/african_americans
Meyers Greene, Deborah. Lester Monts to return to faculty in July 2014. The University Record, September 30, 2013. Retrieved from http://ur.umich.edu/1314/Sep30_13/4895-lester-monts-to
Neal Outlines Goals of Interim Presidency. Michigan Today, Fall 1996. Retrieved from http://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/handle/2027.42/61095
University of Michigan 1817-2017. Faculty History Project Website. Retrieved from http://um2017.org/faculty-history/
Boyd, Herb. WTC Engineer Remembers. New York Amsterdam News, October 11, 2001
Educator Becomes School Board Head. The Baltimore Afro-American, September 6, 1969
Halpern, Jeanne. Marise Hadden’s Road to Social Change. Michigan Alumnus, September 1969.
Michigan’s Champion Orator. Michigan Today, December 1995.
NCC Prof. Gets Mich. Degree, Sets Precedent. Tri-State Defender; June 25, 1960
Peace Corps Director is Black Woman Professor. Oakland Post, October 21, 1971
The University of Michigan Heritage Project. Dear Aunt Ruth. Retrieved from http://heritage.umich.edu/story/dear-aunt-ruth