Reading the Text:
line 4

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Notes on line 4:

The ex stipendio in this line has close parallels with other texts. The debtor is stating that he will repay the debt from his military salary. Recalling that this line should begin with the name of the liburna from line 3, the following reconstruction is possible:

[ N, X (denarios), quos reddam cum usuris ] ex stipendio eis

Where N is the name of the liburna from line 3, and X is is the monetary value of the loan. (denarios) indicates the assumed presence of the symbol for denarii, the standard unit of currency.

It is interesting to note that the last three letters of this line have been read in more than one way. One editor read et e, which finds parallels with other documents of this sort, and would suggest another source of repayment (e.g. ex stipendio et e deposito, or et e viaticis; a viaticum was a payment recieved by new recruits, and deposita refers to money kept in the regimental savings-bank).

On the other hand, eis (the reading accepted by Bruckner and Marichal) is also valid; this reading would refer to the persons "to whom" the debt would be repayed. eis seems to be the stronger reading based on palaeography: what would be the cross stroke of the t is in fact merely a ligature leading to the letter s.

Differences in readings between editors is not uncommon, and it is not always possible to make an absolute judgement of which is better. Which reading do you think is correct?

Next: Line 5

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