Reading the Text:
line 1

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Notes on line 1:

This line contains the date of the document. Clearly visible is the Roman numberal 12 (numbers were frequently distinguished from text by drawing a line over the number) followed by "K. Martias". This date would then be the 12th day before the Kalends of March. Missing from the date is, of course, the year. Dating the year in this time period was accomplished by listing the names of the two consuls for that year. This makes the reading c[o]s very probable, as "cos" was the usual abbreviation for "cosulibus", used regularly in dating formulae. The top strokes of the letter s are clear, and the elongated top stroke of the letter c remains, although this stroke alone is not enough to be certain of the letter, and it is marked as uncertain.

Knowing exactly what is missing from this line is very helpful in reconstructing the dimensions of the text. It is reasonable to assume that there was enough space in the lost portion of the text to give the names of both consuls. The line would then read something like:

[ N1 et N2 ] c[o]s(ulibus) XII K(alendas) Martias

Where N1 and N2 represent the names of the consuls. Recall that parantheses are used to show the resolution of an abbreviation in the text.

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Reading the Papyri is produced by the University of Michigan Papyrus Collection
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