About the Exhibit

This exhibit is for anyone interested in the history of the creation of the William Monroe Trotter Multicultural Center the only building on the University of Michigan campus named after an African American. The resources used are accessible to University of Michigan affiliates through the University of Michigan Library. 


This exhibit was organized and curated by Charles Ransom and Edras Rodriguez-Torres with funding provided by a University of Michigan Library Research and Creative Projects grant. Thank you to the University of Michigan Library, Ann Arbor District Library, Bentley Historical Library, The Michigan Daily, and Ann Arbor News (MLive) for the resources shared. In addition we want to thank the interviewees for taking time out of busy schedules to share their experiences.



  1. Fox, Stephen R. The Guardian of Boston; William Monroe Trotter, New York: Atheneum, 1970.

  2. Greenidge, Kerri K. Black Radical: The Life and Times of William Monroe Trotter, Liveright Publishing Corp, New York, 2020.

  3. Johnson, Matthew. Undermining Racial Justice: How One University Embraced Inclusion and Inequality, Ithaca and New York, 2020.

  4. Worthy, Ruth. A Negro in Our History: William Monroe Trotter 1875-1934. 1952. Columbia University, M.A. thesis

    Newspaper Articles

  5. Armon, Yardain and Bryan, Claire. “Protests Call for Inclusion: BSU Demands Seven Initiatives to Improve Diversity.” Michigan Daily 21 January 2014, Vol.124, No. 51, p.1.

  6. Blayton, Zada. “Concert A Farewell for Lois Owens.” Ann Arbor News 20 August 1976,  Vol 142, No. 233, p 8. (Photo by Larry E. Wright)

  7. Clarke, Kim. “ Turmoil Fades Lesson Remains; Former U-M Student Keeps Eyes on the Prize-- Knowledge; Thaddeus R. Harrison, 1970 Black Action Movement Protester.” Ann Arbor News 29 March 1990, Vol. 155, No.088. P.1. (Photo by Larry E. Wright)

  8. Glenn, Alan. “Open It Up or Shut It Down; The 1970 Black Action Movement at Michigan.” Ann Arbor Chronicle 30 March 2010, p.1

  9. Miller, Carissa. “Trotter House Reopens: More Student Groups Will be Able to Base Offices in the Renovated Center.” Michigan Daily 23 September 2005, Vol 115, No. 153 p. 1

  10. Owens, Keith. “Blacks Say U-M’s Reply Inadequate.” Ann Arbor News 19 March 1987, Vol. 152, No. 78, p 1

  11. Ransby, Barbara. “UCAR Continues Fight.” Michigan Daily 9-10 April 1987, Vol. 130n Nos. 130-131 p. 4.

  12.  Reynolds, Ray. “Strike Cutting Deeply Into U-M Operations,” Ann Arbor News,  27 March 1970,  Vol. 136, No.86 p. 15.
  13. Rosenbaum, Nancy “Black Student Center:Trotter House Gutted by Fire; damage curtails activities,” Michigan Daily 10  May 1972, Vol 82 No. 1, p 7.

  14. Rosenfeld, Ben. “After Decades of Activism, New Trotter Multicultural Center Opens on State St.” Michigan Daily. 11 April  2019. Online edition.

  15.  “‘75 BAM Demands”. Michigan Daily, 19 February 1975, Vol 85 No. 117 p 8.

  16. “Trotter House Origins: How the battle for a bricks-and mortar structure was really about moving racial integration from rhetoric to reality,” LSA Magazine, Spring, 2013, page 35-36.

  17. Weinberg, David. “Sit-in ‘75: Ain’t the Old Days”, Michigan Daily, 27 February 1975,  vol. 86, No.124, p 7.

    Archival Resources

  18. “BAM II - The response - Press Release 1975-02-20, President (University of Michigan) records, Box 109, 1 page. Bentley Historical Library

  19. Bentley Historical Library. President Records, box 106, General folder 1.

  20. Black Action Movement: Raised fists at Convocation, March 1970. (Middle frame on contact print)Bentley Image Bank HS9774
  21. Statement of the board of Regents of the University of Michigan. President’s Records, Box 106, BAM Strike General folder 1. April 1, 1970. Bentley Historical Library.

  22. Hawkins, Alex. “ Memo to Henry Johnson Trotter House Report”, June 15, 1972.

  23. Twelve Demands of Black Action Movement (B.A.M. 1). Bentley Historical Library, President Records, box 106, General folder 1.

  24. University of Michigan. Human Resources, 2020. Director List and dates of employment.

  25. White, Zachary. "Suggested Research Topics - The Black Action Movement: An Assessment of its Goals, and Effects on University Policies and Procedures." Bentley Historical Library. 2012. Archived from the original, Retrieved 2021/09/28.

Rights Statement 

The University of Michigan Library has placed copies of these works online for educational and research purposes. These works may be under copyright. If you decide to use any of these works, you are responsible for making your own legal assessment and securing any necessary permission. If you have questions about this exhibit or the inclusion of an item in this exhibit, please contact ransomcg@umich.edu. If you have any technical problems with this exhibit, please contact ask-omeka@umich.edu

William Monroe Trotter Multicultural Center