Sole of a small shoe

When this sole of a small shoe, made from linen and several layers of papyrus, came out of the boxes, University of Michigan papyrologists were excited about the unexpected find.  The shoe soon proved to be a forgery — very similar in kind to forgeries found in other collections.  The papyri used to fabricate such forgeries sometimes are actual ancient papyri, yielding, in one case, fragments of Homer.  This shoe will be analyzed in the future to see what surprises it might contain.


P.Mich.inv. 4218 (unpublished)

Documentary papyri from a mummy casing