This Wednesday's watermark comes to us once again from the Islamic Manuscripts Collection - one of the papers in Isl. Ms. 78 to be exact.
It features a bow and arrow motif similar to no. 12346 of the Piccard Watermark Collection .
Many European papermakers employed bow motifs in their watermarks. Crossbow motifs (often in circles) are the more familiar bow motif featuring in the watermarked papers employed in many Islamic manuscripts, particularly those produced in the former Ottoman lands during the 16th and 17th centuries. Briquet attributes these encircled crossbow marks to Italian production.  At least 22 volumes from our Islamic Manuscripts Collection feature some sort of paper with crossbow watermark.
Isl. Ms. 78 is one of the earliest manuscripts in our Islamic Manuscripts Collection copied on watermarked paper. Though in fact multiple papers were used, including one non-watermarked paper, the entire transcript is in the same hand and was completed in 1401 or 2.
In addition to the paper watermarked with bow and arrow motif, the codex also includes a paper watermarked with what appears to be a motif of a tower with three merlons.
This mark only vaguely resembles tower examples in Piccard and Briquet dated to the late 16th century and is of course much earlier.
Perhaps a precursor to these later marks? Or a three-fingered glove (ha!)? Certainly a curiosity! What do you think?
 Piccard Watermark Collection (Wasserzeichensammlung Piccard), online database at:
 In addition to the watermarked papers, a portion of the transcript (all in the same hand) is on a non-European, non-watermarked paper, likely of Arab production with chain lines in groups of threes (possibly twos as well). See the catalogue record for more details.